Avram Turing conducts training on misinformation prevention with a focus on:

  1. Developing critical thinking/analytical thinking skills
  2. Online media literacy
  3. Engaging with people online ethically and empathetically
  4. Overcoming and preventing bias online
  5. Making constructive arguments
  6. Scanning articles online with intention and purpose
  7. Using Avram Turing's Global Online Content Analytical Quality Check® (GOCAQ) tool: a step-by-step procedure for information quality analysis
  8. Elements of Information Quality


Avram Turing Misinformation Prevention Curriculum Reading list

Presented here is a misinformation prevention reading list. This list is not exhaustive. The emphasis is on insights from foundational and background issues about misinformation online. The importance of critical thinking and analytical thinking skills is also highlighted as pre-requisite for prevention of online misinformation. Also highlighted is content from professionals who work at social media platforms explaining how those platforms rank and rate content. This list is separated into two main categories: popular literature and more advanced literature. The popular literature is divided into books, report/manuals/government documents, papers/articles and blog posts/opinion.

One hundred works are listed here, for reading, of which 40 are highly recommended (highlighted in blue font).

Click here for the Reading list



Avram Turing List of Recommended Videos

lectures/talks by leading scholars and researchers

Here are some educational videos recommended by Avram Turing. This list of videos are lectures/talks by prominent scholars and researchers and will be regularly updated.  Each video looks at misinformation from a different point of view but complimentary with other perspectives.


  1. Disinfo Discussions: The Fundamentals with danah boyd. Courtesy of The Aspen Institute


"Aspen Digital's Executive Director Vivian Schiller discusses the fundamentals of disinformation with danah boyd, a Partner Researcher at Microsoft Research, the founder and president of Data & Society, and a Visiting Professor at New York University"


2. The Hype Machine: How Social Media Disrupts Our Elections, Economy and Health (and What to Do About It). Courtesy of The London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE)


"In this talk MIT Professor Sinan Aral drew on two decades of his own research and business experience and goes under the hood of the biggest, most powerful social networks to tackle the critical question of just how much social media actually shapes our choices, for better or worse."


3. How You Can Help Transform the internet into a Place of Trust. Courtesy of TED Talks.


'How can we stop the spread of misleading, sometimes dangerous content, while maintaining an internet with freedom of expression at its core? Misinformation expert Claire Wardle explores the new challenges of our polluted online environment and maps out a plan to transform the internet into a place of trust -- with the of help everyday users. "Together, let's rebuild our information commons," she says.'


4. Liars: Falsehoods and Free Speech in an Age of Deception. Courtesy of the London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE)


"Harvard law professor Cass Sunstein probes the fundamental question of how we can deter lies while also protecting freedom of speech in his book Liars: Falsehoods and Free Speech in an Age of Deception"


5. Challenging the Algorithms of Oppression. Courtesy of PDF Youtube


Dr Safiya Noble explains that search engines are not primarily information retrieval systems in the traditional sense and why we should care about commercial spaces dominating our information landscape.


6. Technology Companies and Algorithms - U.S. Senate Hearing


A compilation of some of Dr Stephen Wolfram's responses in the U.S. Senate Hearing "Optimizing for Engagement: Understanding the Use of Persuasive Technology on Internet Platforms." The Hearing examined how algorithmic decision-making and machine learning on internet platforms might be influencing the public.


7. Truth Decay: A Primer. Courtesy of The Rand Corporation


"What are the causes and consequences of Truth Decay? This video examines past eras of U.S. history to identify evidence of Truth Decay's four trends and outlines a strategy for determining what can be done to address the challenge it presents"


8. Your brain and misinformation: Why people believe lies and conspiracy theories. Courtesy of News Literacy Project


"Our brains do marvelous things, but they also make us vulnerable to falsehoods. Why? What leads people to fall for misinformation? And why do they share it with others? A discussion with Dr. Sander van der Linden, professor of social psychology in society at the University of Cambridge, UK and author of Foolproof: Why We Fall for Misinformation and How to Build Immunity."