All Stakeholders Have Roles to Play in Misinformation Prevention

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All stakeholders have roles to play: civil society, tech companies, governments, educational institutions, as well as commercial enterprises, to reduce the continuous harm done by the flood of misinformation online. This responsibility cannot be left alone to governments or tech companies. The cooperation of all stakeholders is required to successfully combat misinformation online. People everywhere Read More

If Claude Shannon is the Father of the Information Age then Ludwig Wittgenstein Must be its Teacher

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The information age began in the middle of the 20th century: a shift from an emphasis on mechanical/industrial production to information technology. Claude Shannon’s information theory quantified information and made it measurable. But, because Shannon’s theory was a quantitative theory of communication, the meaning of information transmitted was a secondary issue. In his landmark 1948 Read More

For Effective Misinformation Prevention We Must Define what ‘Information’ Is

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We need to be clear about what really is ‘information’. Is ‘misinformation’ information or something else? Information scientists have adopted a general definition of information (GDI). According to the GDI, information is data that is well-formed and meaningful [1]. Misinformation and disinformation are not genuine information because they are false, although they may have semantic Read More

Four Responses to the Problem of Misinformation Online

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Most people agree that misinformation online is a menace to society. But what has been the response? Four different responses to the problem of information disorder and echo chambers have been applied online. The initial response was to do nothing and leave content consumers to discern for themselves. It was argued that the Web is Read More

Facts, Arguments and an Analytical Checklist

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An increasing problem is that more people are becoming convinced of the argument – an argument particularly espoused by proponents of controversial theories – that a person’s only choices are believing in one entire group of facts over another group, rather than being prepared to check what are currently acknowledged as being facts, by the Read More

Avram Turing’s global online analytical quality check (Global-OAQTM)

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Avram Turing’s Global-OAQ is a system (and method) for online content analysis, a descriptive tool. Web-based information (articles, commentary etc.) is analysed then scored based on criteria designed to evaluate the quality of analytical content. Content is then categorised as ‘analytical’ or ‘non-analytical’. Further labelling of the intrinsic nature of the content (e.g. ‘satire’ ‘political’ Read More

Analytical Thinking is Important for Misinformation Prevention

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Analytical thinking skills are indispensable for misinformation prevention. Analysing content one encounters from the internet requires logical and reasoning skills to filter out sense from nonsense. Surprisingly, analytical/critical thinking skills are not as common as we would expect. In a 2015 paper, Simon Cullen of Princeton University and his co-authors concluded that “the ability to Read More

How Serious is Misinformation Online Globally?

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$78 Billion Every Year! Online social media has brought together billions of people from around the world. The impact of diverse platforms such as Facebook, WeChat, Reddit, LinkedIn, Signal, WhatsApp, Gab, Instagram, Telegraph etc. has been transformational.  The number of active users of the six most popular online social networks combined is estimated at about Read More

Three Guiding Philosophies in Our Work

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Three guiding philosophies drive the work that Avram Turing analysts do: Wittgensteinian Ubuntu ‘Harm Principle’ These three approaches are critical: a focus on facts, upholding freedom of speech and the importance of working together with all stakeholders (civil society, social media companies, educational institutions and governments), for misinformation prevention and analysis. Ludwig Wittgenstein was an Read More

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